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Paesaggi lucani: il dimensionamento abitativo nel piano strutturale provinciale di potenza come strumento per generare nuovo sviluppo per i "territori a sviluppo lento"


The planning process for the preparation of the Structural Plan of the Province of Potenza provides the definition of criteria for the housing dimension, in an area undergoing reduction of the resident population, in which it is necessary to find strategies to recycle abandoned buildings , for the densification of the urbanized spaces and the reduction of current cubic capacity . The rule provides that the regional Lucan Province is the subject that provides intermediate in advance to the definition of policies for development and construction of housing, on the basis of an average size of urban centers which necessitates a phase of co-ordination of urban expansions. There is also in the municipalities of the Province of Potenza a strong process of reduction of the resident population which makes it very important to structure the processes of densification and saturation dell’edificato and reducing space requirements of the project. The card Structural Alignment of the city is developed that contains the information on the quantity, on the guidelines and the areas to employ in each municipality for the building expansion : who writes under the coordination and the scientific advice of Maurizio Carta , with the Office Plan for the PSP and the Planning Service of the Basilicata Region , has pioneered a method of sizing of the housing needs and areas of expansion that takes into account the trend of housing, the housing stock and the sensitivity of this peri-urban areas that are highly relevant variables for the weak areas of the Province of Potenza. The design of the urban expansions , then , is integrated into the structural framework of provincial and adopts the structural map prepared as a reference in environmental policies , energy and non-physical connection of the territories of microinsediamenti Lucania Apennines , integrate with cultural policies and landscape to create a new central places in an area peripheral to the transits on the platforms regional , national and transnational lapping the Potentino. Based on this consideration, the sizing is the result of a structural assessment that intersects the location of operations of the structural framework with the state of the urban settlement and is produced on the basis of three types of intervention ( reuse , completion and expansion) chosen depending on the environmental sensitivity of the area, the proximity of services and physical connections , the availability of areas already planned for completion by previous plans and the demographic trend of centers in rapid aging) . The method is proposed as a model for slow developing territories and areas in which the processes of aging and depopulation increase the amount of housing stock and this will reduce the quality of urban spaces results of abandonment.