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Assessment of "grading" with Ki-67 and c-kit immunohistochemical expressions may be a helpful tool in management of patients with flat epithelial atypia (FEA) and columnar cell lesions (CCLs) on core breast biopsy.

  • Autori: Tomasino, R.; Morello, V.; Gullo, A.; Pompei, G.; Agnese, V.; Russo, A.; Rinaldi, G.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2009
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • Parole Chiave: flat epithelial atypia; columnar cell lesions; cytological grading; c-kit expression
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It is essential to reach a better understanding of "flat epithelial atypia/columnar cell lesions" (FEA/CCLs) in breast core biopsies. Our aim was to explore their biological nature, in order to predict the likelihood of an upgrade to carcinoma. "Cytological grading" has been specially focused, in view of its possible utility in the choice of management. One hundred thirty of a total of 900 cases core needle (CN)/vacuum-assisted biopsies (VABs), with diagnoses of "hyperplasia" and "atypia" were retrospectively re-evaluated. Pathological findings of further excision biopsies (FEBs) performed in 40/75 patients with follow-up were compared with the previous diagnoses. In all cases, both Ki-67 and c-kit immunoreactivities were explored and compared with both normal breast tissues and subsequently documented cancers, with special reference to the hyperplastic FEA/CCLs, with "mild" atypia (FEA/CCHAm). Sixteen cases were re-diagnosed as "usual ductal hyperplasia" (UDH), 60 as "columnar cell hyperplasia" (CCH), and 54 as FEA/CCHA, 30 of which FEA/CCHAm and 24 FEA/CCHAh (with high atypia). Significantly, the Ki-67 index proved to be on the increase and c-kit expression on the decrease in FEA/CCHA lesions, mainly in the FEA/CCHAh group and in the subsequently observed cancers, compared with either benign tissues or the FEA/CCH cases. It was also significant that most of the carcinomas were found in FEBs within the FEA/CCHAh group. In this study cytological grading, together with Ki-67 and c-kit indices, proved to be helpful in FEA/CCLs evaluation. With regard to FEA/CCHAm lesions, an adequate surveillance appears to be a more appropriate management tool than FEB, as a result of their biological nature and behavior.