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ANTONIO RUSSO

The dark side of the moon: The PI3K/PTEN/AKT pathway in colorectal carcinoma

  • Autori: Silvestris, N.; Tommasi, S.; Petriella, D.; Santini, D.; Fistola, E.; Russo, A.; Numico, G.; Tonini, G.; Maiello, E.; Colucci, G.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2010
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/291874

Abstract

Wild-type KRAS status is required but not sufficient to confer sensitivity to anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) in colorectal cancer patients. As a consequence, one of the major challenges is to identify, in non-mutant KRAS patients, other markers that can predict lack of response to this therapy. Small series have investigated the clinical effect of PIK3CA mutations on resistance to anti-EGFR mAbs and discrepant results have been observed. Furthermore, PTEN loss in metastases may be predictive of resistance to anti-EGFR mAbs, even if PTEN determination is far from an immediate clinical application. The introduction of modulators of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway as potential targeted anticancer drugs is encouraging, but this attractive therapy option is still at an early stage of development. Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG.