Prognostic significance of K-Ras mutation rate in metastatic colorectal cancer patients
- Autori: Vincenzi, B.; Cremolini, C.; Sartore-Bianchi, A.; Russo, A.; Mannavola, F.; Perrone, G.; Pantano, F.; Loupakis, F.; Rossini, D.; Ongaro, E.; Bonazzina, E.; Dell'Aquila, E.; Imperatori, M.; Zoccoli, A.; Bronte, G.; Maglio, G.; Fontanini, G.; Natoli, C.; Falcone, A.; Santini, D.; Onetti-Muda, A.; Siena, S.; Tonini, G.; Aprile, G.
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2015
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
- Parole Chiave: Bevacizumab; Colorectal cancer; K-Ras; Mutation rate; Prognosis; Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols; Colorectal Neoplasms; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Liver Neoplasms; Male; Middle Aged; Mutation; Neoplasm Staging; Prognosis; Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras); Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction; Retrospective Studies; Survival Rate; Tumor Cells, Cultured; Oncology
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/291790
Introduction: Activating mutations of K-Ras gene have a well-established role as predictors of resistance to anti-EGFR monoclonal antibodies in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients. Their prognostic value is controversial, and no data regarding the prognostic value of mutation rate, defined as the percentage of mutated alleles/ tumor sample, are available. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of K-Ras mutation rate in a homogenous cohort of mCRC patients receiving first-line doublet plus bevacizumab. Patients and Methods: This retrospective study enrolled 397 K-Ras mutant mCRC patients from 6 Italian centers, and 263 patients were fully evaluable for our analysis. K-Ras mutation rate was assessed by pyrosequencing. Patients with less than 60% of cancer cells in tumor tissue were excluded. No patients received anti-EGFR containing anticancer therapy, at any time. Median mutation rate was 40% and was adopted as cut-off. The primary and secondary endpoints were PFS and OS respectively. Results: At univariate analysis, K-Ras mutation rate higher than 40% was significantly associated with lower PFS (7.3 vs 9.1 months; P < 0.0001) and OS (21 vs 31 months; P = 0.004). A multivariate model adjusted for age at diagnosis, site of origin of tumor tissue (primary vs metastases), referral center, number of metastatic sites, and first-line chemotherapy backbone, showed that K-Ras mutation rate remained a significant predictor of PFS and OS in the whole population. Discussion: Our data demonstrate an association between K-Ras mutation rate and prognosis in mCRC patients treated with bevacizumab-containing first-line therapy. These data deserve to be verified in an independent validation set.