The prevalent KRAS exon 2 c.35 G>A mutation in metastatic colorectal cancer patients: A biomarker of worse prognosis and potential benefit of bevacizumab-containing intensive regimens?
- Autori: Bruera, G.; Cannita, K.; Tessitore, A.; Russo, A.; Alesse, E.; Ficorella, C.; Ricevuto, E.
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2015
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/249739
Bevacizumab-containing chemotherapy differently predict increased efficacy in KRAS exon 2 mutant and wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC) patients. Mutant compared to wild-type status did not significantly affect progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients fit for first line bevacizumab-containing FIr-B/FOx regimen, and after progression. In patients unfit for intensive regimens, mutant status significantly affected PFS, while not OS. Codon 12 KRAS mutations differentially affect GTPase function, and confer worse clinical behaviour. Prognostic relevance of the prevalent c.35 G. >. A KRAS mutation was retrospectively evaluated. Fit c.35 G. >. A mutant patients showed significantly worse OS compared to wild-type and to other mutant. After progression and in unfit patients, c.35 G. >. A mutation affected significantly worse PFS and OS. c.35 G. >. A mutant status does not significantly affect worse PFS in patients fit for first line FIr-B/FOx, and it may depend upon effectiveness of anti-VEGF-containing intensive regimen.