Prognostic and predictive biomarkers for targeted therapy in NSCLC: For whom the bell tolls?
- Autori: Passiglia, F.; Bronte, G.; Castiglia, M.; Listì, A.; Calò, V.; Toia, F.; Cicero, G.; Fanale, D.; Rizzo, S.; Bazan, V.; Russo, A.
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2015
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/162659
Introduction: The discovery of molecular biomarkers and the advent of targeted therapies have led to a radical change in the treatment of several tumors, including NSCLC. In the last few years, the number of molecular biomarkers has rapidly increased, and a growing interest has been recently focused on their potential prognostic and predictive value in clinical settings. Areas covered: This review describes all the molecular biomarkers with prognostic and predictive value in NSCLC, including both clinically approved biomarkers, and emerging biomarkers under investigation in clinical trials. Liquid biopsy and applications of circulating biomarkers are also described. Expert opinion: The oncological research is currently focusing on the discovery and validation of molecular biomarkers in order to promote even more personalized treatment strategies. This paradigm of care will expand quickly thanks to the advent of new genotyping technologies, such as nextgeneration sequencing, making it possible to create a molecular-genomic profile of every patient’s tumor. Liquid biopsy and the use of circulatingbiomarkers represent the new challenge of oncological research, with very promising implications in the management of patients.