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Enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium in the treatment of refractory pemphigus

  • Autori: Bongiorno, M.; Pistone, G.; Doukaki, S.; Arico', M.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2010
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • Parole Chiave: Enteric-coated Mycophenolate Sodium; Mycophenolic acid; Pemphigus
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BACKGROUND: One of the major goals of pemphigus therapy is to reduce the patient's cumulative exposure to systemic corticosteroids. To investigate the efficacy of enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS), 10 patients with active, refractory pemphigus vulgaris (PV) or foliaceous (PF) were treated with EC-MPS (1440 mg daily) and prednisone (75 mg daily) over 18 months. OBSERVATIONS: Following EC-MPS/prednisone therapy, disease progression was inhibited between days 30 and 45 in 9/10 patients (8 PV; 1 PF). At 18 months, 8/9 PV patients had clinically quiescent disease; EC-MPS therapy was no longer required in two patients as a result of disease remission. The remaining PV patient showed no response to treatment. The PF patient also had clinically quiescent disease but with high levels of anti-desmoglein-1. ECMPS dose was reduced to 720 mg daily in 4/9 patients by month 6. Average daily prednisone requirement decreased to 25 mg at 6 months and to 15 mg at 18 months. Three adverse events were reported: headache (two cases; one mild and one moderate) and significant increase in blood glucose (one case; moderate). CONCLUSIONS: Enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium is effective and safe as an adjuvant therapy in patients with refractory pemphigus and may be effective even in patients whose disease is unresponsive to azathioprine.