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GIOVANNA PITARRESI

BIOCOMPATIBILITY AND BIODEGRADABILITY OF ELECTROSPUN PHEA-PLA SCAFFOLDS: OUR PRELIMINARY EXPERIENCE IN A MURINE ANIMAL MODEL

  • Autori: LO MONTE, A.; Licciardi, M.; Bellavia, M.; Damiano, G.; Palumbo, V.; Palumbo, F.; Abruzzo, A.; Fiorica, C.; Pitarresi, G.; Cacciabaudo, F.; Tripodo, C.; Belmonte, B.; Spinelli, G.; Altomare, R.; Gioviale, M.; Cassata, G.; Sammartano, A.; Genova, P.; Salina, A.; Buscemi, G.; Giammona, G.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2012
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)

Abstract

We obtained a nano-fibrillar scaffold starting from a polymeric solution which, through electrospinning, gave a biodegradable material with optimal mechanical features and the capacity to allow cell adhesion. In this paper we report the in-vivo application on a murine animal model of two electrospun biodegradable materials, specifically designed to create tubular structures. In one case PHEA-PLA was co-spun with silk fibroin (Fibro-PHEAPLA) by a parallel electrospinning process to obtain a scaffold with two different polymeric fibers. In the other case, PHEA-PLA was mixed with polycaprolactone (PCLPHEA-PLA) to obtain a hybrid fibers scaffold. The in-vitro assay showed fibroblast colonization in both materials. The scaffolds were implanted in the dorsal fascial pouch of rats to evaluate their in-vivo Biocompatibility and tissue integration. Histopathological findings showed that after implantation a neutrophilic reaction associated to colliquative necrosis was predominant, particularly for PCL-PHEA-PLA. Fibro-PCL-PHEA caused a non organized stromal reaction. Cell adhesion was confirmed at SEM scan. Both materials were totally absorbed after 40 days with an inflammatory reaction. This preliminary study showed that biocompatibility of the scaffolds needs further investigation. The capability of the materials to be functionalized could allow us to modulate the inflammatory host response.

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