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GIOVANNA PITARRESI

BIODEGRADABLE AND pH-SENSITIVE HYDROGELS FOR POTENTIAL COLON-SPECIFIC DRUG DELIVERY: CHARACTERIZATION AND IN VITRO RELEASE STUDIES

  • Autori: Casadei, M.; Pitarresi, G.; Calabrese, R.; Paolicelli, P.; Giammona, G.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2008
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • Parole Chiave: dextran, polyaspartamide, colon release

Abstract

A novel pH-sensitive and biodegradable composite hydrogel, based on a methacrylated and succinic derivative of dextran, named Dex-MA-SA, and a methacrylated and succinic derivative of alpha,beta-poly(N-2-hydroxyethyl)-DL-aspartamide (PHEA), named PHM-SA, was produced by photocross-linking. The goal was to obtain a colonspecific drug delivery system, exploiting both the pH-sensitive behavior and the colon-specific degradability. The hydrogel prepared with a suitable ratio between the polysaccharide and the polyaminoacid was characterized regarding its swelling behavior in gastrointestinal simulated conditions, chemical and enzymatic degradability, interaction with mucin, and cell compatibility on CaCo-2 cells. Moreover, 2-methoxyestradiol was chosen as a model of anticancer drug and release studies, were performed in the absence or in the presence of dextranase and esterase. The obtained hydrogel, due to its pH-sensitive swelling and enzymatic degradability, together with mucoadhesion and cell compatibility, could be potentially useful as system for the oral treatment of colonic cancer.

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