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Discrimination of almonds (Prunus dulcis) geographical origin by minerals and fatty acids profiling

  • Authors: Amorello, D.; Orecchio, S.; Pace, A.; Barreca, S.
  • Publication year: 2016
  • Type: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • Key words: Almond; fatty acids; geographical origin; minerals; California; Fatty Acids; Geography; Minerals; Prunus dulcis; Sicily; Spain; Analytical Chemistry; Biochemistry; Medicine (all); Plant Science; Organic Chemistry
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Twenty-one almond samples from three different geographical origins (Sicily, Spain and California) were investigated by determining minerals and fatty acids compositions. Data were used to discriminate by chemometry almond origin by linear discriminant analysis. With respect to previous PCA profiling studies, this work provides a simpler analytical protocol for the identification of almonds geographical origin. Classification by using mineral contents data only was correct in 77% of the samples, while, by using fatty acid profiles, the percentages of samples correctly classified reached 82%. The coupling of mineral contents and fatty acid profiles lead to an increased efficiency of the classification with 87% of samples correctly classified.