Metabolic syndrome in subjects with white-coat hypertension: impact on left ventricular structure and function
- Authors: Mule', G.; Nardi, E.; Cottone, S.; Cusimano, P.; Incalcaterra, F.; Palermo, A.; Giandalia, M.; Geraci, C.; Buscemi, S.; Cerasola, G.
- Publication year: 2007
- Type: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/37604
Some reports have suggested that white-coat hypertension (WCH) is associated with some features of the metabolic syndrome (MetS). These metabolic disturbances, instead of WCH per se, may potentially explain the greater extent of end-organ damage sometimes observed in WCH subjects (WCHs) when compared to normotensive individuals (NTs). The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to compare left ventricular (LV) structure and function in three groups of subjects: WCHs with MetS, WCHs without MetS and NTs. A total of 145 WCHs, 35% of whom had MetS, were enrolled. As controls, 35 NTs were also studied. In all subjects, routine blood chemistry, echocardiographic examination and 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring were performed. When compared with WCHs without MetS, those with MetS showed higher LV mass indexed by height elevated by a power of 2.7 (LVMH(2.7)) (49.6+/-14.8 vs 38.9+/-9.8 g/m(2.7); P<0.0001). The same parameter was greater in WCHs without MetS than in NTs (32+/-8 g/m(2.7); P=0.004). Moreover, the E-wave deceleration time was longer in WCHs with MetS than in those without it (236.2+/-66.4 vs 200.5+/-30.8 ms; P<0.0001). The relationship of MetS with LVMH(2.7) was confirmed in multivariate regression models. Our results seem to suggest that MetS may have a deleterious influence on LV structure and function in WCH. However, WCH, being associated with an increased LV mass, also in subjects without MetS, may not be considered as an innocuous phenomenon