Plasma aldosterone and its relationships with left ventricular mass in essential hypertensive patients with the metabolic syndrome
- Authors: Mule', G.; Nardi, E.; Cusimano, P.; Cottone, S.; Seddio, G.; Geraci, C.; Palermo, A.; Andronico, G.; Cerasola, G.
- Publication year: 2008
- Type: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/36115
BACKGROUND: The association of aldosterone with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) has not been fully elucidated. The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationships of plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) with MetS and left ventricular mass (LVM) in nondiabetic Caucasian patients with essential hypertension. METHODS: Measurements were taken with the patients off antihypertensive medications. The measurements included 24-h blood pressure (BP) readings, plasma renin activity (PRA) and aldosterone, and an echocardiogram. RESULTS: Subjects with MetS (n = 201) had higher age-adjusted PAC (10.2 +/- 5.8 vs. 11.6 +/- 5.9 ng/dl; P = 0.01) and greater age-adjusted LVM indexed for height2.7 (LVMH2.7) (56 +/- 19 vs. 62 +/- 20 g/m2; P = 0.001) than those without MetS (n = 249). The difference in respect of PAC between the two groups was independent of PRA and was attributable mainly to obesity. After adjusting for potential confounders, LVMH2.7 was associated with MetS as a whole (beta = 0.11; P = 0.02) and with body mass index (BMI) (beta = 0.19; P < 0.0001) in the overall population. The latter relationship was attenuated (beta = 0.15; P = 0.001) after further adjustment for PAC. In the MetS group the association of LVMH2.7 with PAC held (beta = 0.19; P = 0.007) in multivariate analyses. In subjects without MetS, this relationship had only borderline statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the elevated PAC related to obesity may help to explain the increased LVM observed in association with MetS, and may contribute to enhancing the cardiovascular risk associated with MetS.