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EMILIO NARDI

Absence of an independent association between serum uric acid and left ventricular mass in Caucasian hypertensive women and men

  • Autori: Mule', G.; Nardi, E.; Costanzo, M.; Mogavero, M.; Guarino, L.; Viola, T.; Vario, M.; Cacciatore, V.; Andronico, G.; Cerasola, G.; Cottone, S.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2013
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/74513

Abstract

Background and aim: Experimentally uric acid may induce cardiomyocyte growth and interstitial fibrosis of the heart. However, clinical studies exploring the relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) and left ventricular (LV) mass yielded conflicting results. The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationships between SUA and LV mass in a large group of Caucasian essential hypertensive subjects. Methods and results: We enrolled 534 hypertensive patients free of cardiovascular complications and without severe renal insufficiency. In all subjects routine blood chemistry, including SUA determination, echocardiographic examination and 24 h ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring were obtained. In the overall population we observed no significant correlation of SUA with LV mass indexed for height2.7 (LVMH2.7) (r = 0.074). When the same relationship was analysed separately in men and women, we found a statistically significant correlation in female gender (r = 0.27; p < 0.001), but not in males (r = 0.042; p = NS). When we grouped the study population in sex-specific tertiles of SUA, an increase in LVMH2.7 was observed in the highest tertiles in women (44.5 ± 15.6 vs 47.5 16 vs 55.9 ± 22.2 g/m2.7; p < 0.001), but not in men. The association between SUA and LVMH2.7 in women lost statistical significance in multiple regression analyses, after adjustment for age, 24 h systolic BP, body mass index, serum creatinine and other potential confounders. Conclusions: Our findings do not support an independent association between SUA and LV mass in Caucasian men and women with arterial hypertension.