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Homeric Evidences of an Inherently Actional Opposition: ἔρχομαι vs ἦλθον


The paper aims at analyzing the paradigmatic relationship between the verbs ἔξρνκαη and ἦιζνλ in Homeric Greek. Both verbs convey the idea of going within a Homeric suppletive paradigm. Although suppletivism between ἔξρνκαη, εἶκη, ἐιεύζνκαη (future), ἦιζνλ (aorist), εἰιήινπζα (perfect) is generally accepted, there is still uncertainty on both etymology and semantic features involving inherent actionality, with particular reference to ἔξρνκαη. Therefore, the actional status of ἔξρνκαη and its relationship with ἦιζνλ need further investigation. A textual analysis of the Homeric occurrences of both ἔξρνκαη and ἦιζνλ, focusing on the semantic-syntactic discourse context, has shed light on their mutual suppletive relationship and proved that it is ultimately based on their inherently actional opposition within the paradigm.