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Controlled Fault-Tolerant Power Converters for Power Quality Enhancement


Power quality depends generally on the interaction of electrical power with electrical equipments. If electrical equipments operate correctly and reliably without being damaged or stressed, a suitable level of power quality is assured. On the other hand, if the electrical equipment malfunctions, is unreliable, or is damaged during normal usage, power quality is poor and probably the economical loss could be important like the technical one. In the scenario of the Distributed Generation, power quality issues will be moreover important because an higher dissemination of power conditioning equipment will be requested and this obviously increases the sources of vulnerability of the electrical system. In this paper fault tolerant power converters are considered as a viable solution of power quality problems and a suitable control algorithm of them is presented. The control proposed in the paper is based on the model of the power converter reformulated in terms of healthy leg binary variable and the paper shows how this control is able to save the aspect of power quality when the converter works in the linear range. The effectiveness of such an algorithm and of the fault tolerant power converters are finally verified by means of simulations.