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Characterization of the ESR response of alanine dosimeters to low-energy (1-40 keV) X-rays

  • Authors: M, Marrale; L, Abbene; S, Gallo; A, Longo; F, Principato; L, Tranchina; L, Tana; F, d'Errico; M, Brai
  • Publication year: 2016
  • Type: Abstract in atti di convegno pubblicato in volume
  • OA Link:


The aminoacid L-a-alanine has attracted considerable interest for use in radiation ESR dosimetry and has been formally accepted as a secondary standard for high-dose (kGy) and transfer dosimetry . The accuracy of the method is quite high, largely due to the low dependence of the alanine response on various irradiation parameters (photon energies above 100 keV, dose rate, temperature, etc.). Furthermore, this system presents alinear response to dose, fairly high sensitivity, tissue equivalence, absence of fading, small dimensions, ruggedn ess, and non-destructive readout. In this work, we examined the energy dependence of alanine ESR dosimeters in the low energy X-photon energy range between 1 keV and 40 keV, which was not previously described. Furthermore, we analyzed the response enhancement of alanine loaded with gadolinium oxide. The ESR measurements were complemented by the information provided by a reference ionization chamber and a by semiconductor detection systems.