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Nutcracker syndrome due to left renal vein compression by an aberrant right renal artery

  • Authors: Basile, A.; Tsetis, D.; Calcara, G.; Figuera, M.; Coppolino, F.; Patti, M.; Midiri, M.; Granata, A.
  • Publication year: 2007
  • Type: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • Key words: Nutcracker syndrome; renal veins; stent; orthostatic proteinuria
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Classic nutcracker syndrome is caused by left renal vein compression between the superior mesenteric artery and aorta, leading to retrograde venous hypertension associated with such urinary abnormalities as hematuria or proteinuria. We describe a case of symptomatic nutcracker syndrome treated by means of stent placement in which hypertension in the left renal vein was caused by stenosis of this vein compressed by an aberrant right renal artery at a point closer to the inferior vena cava.