Bladder tumor staging: comparison of contrast-enhanced and gray-scale ultrasound.
- Authors: Caruso, G.; Salvaggio, G.; Campisi, A.; Melloni, D.; Midiri, M.; Bertolotto, M.; Lagalla, R.
- Publication year: 2010
- Type: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
- Key words: Bladder tumor staging
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/46949
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of contrast-enhanced sonography in comparison with conventional sonography in differentiating muscle-infiltrating and superficial neoplasms of the urinary bladder. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Conventional and contrast-enhanced sonography were performed on 34 consecutively registered patients with bladder tumors. All examinations were reviewed by two independent sonologists. At gray-scale sonography, interruption of the hyperechoic bladder wall was considered the main diagnostic criterion for differentiating superficial and infiltrating tumors. At contrast-enhanced sonography, a tumor was considered superficial when the hypoenhancing muscle layer of the bladder wall was intact; disruption of the muscle layer by enhancing tumor tissue was considered diagnostic of infiltration. A level of confidence in the diagnosis of tumor infiltration of the muscle layer was assigned on a 5-degree scale. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was used to assess overall confidence in the diagnosis of muscle infiltration by tumor at both conventional and contrast-enhanced sonography. Histologic diagnosis was obtained for all patients. RESULTS: Final pathologic staging revealed 25 superficial tumors (Ta-T1 disease) and nine muscle-infiltrating tumors (>T1). Conventional sonography depicted five of nine muscle-infiltrating tumors, and contrast-enhanced sonography depicted all nine. The diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced sonography approached that of the reference standard (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.996), but the diagnostic performance of gray-scale ultrasound was worse (area under curve, 0.613). CONCLUSION: Our study showed that contrast-enhanced sonography is better than conventional sonography for differentiating muscle-infiltrating and superficial neoplasms of the urinary bladder.