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Complications of hepatic echinococcosis: multimodality imaging approach

  • Authors: Greco S.; Cannella R.; Giambelluca D.; Pecoraro G.; Battaglia E.; Midiri M.; Brancatelli G.; Vernuccio F.
  • Publication year: 2019
  • Type: Articolo in rivista
  • OA Link:


Hydatid disease is a worldwide zoonosis endemic in many countries. Liver echinococcosis accounts for 60–75% of cases and may be responsible for a wide spectrum of complications in about one third of patients. Some of these complications are potentially life-threatening and require prompt diagnosis and urgent intervention. In this article, we present our experience with common and uncommon complications of hepatic hydatid cysts which include rupture, bacterial superinfection, and mass effect-related complications. Specifically, the aim of this review is to provide key imaging features and diagnostic clues to guide the imaging diagnosis using a multimodality imaging approach, including ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance (MR), and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP).