Compatibilized Polyamide 6/Polyethylene Blends Clay Nanocomposites: Effect of the Degradation and Stabilization of the Clay Modifier
- Autori: Scaffaro, R.; Mistretta, M.; LA MANTIA, F.
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2008
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/48119
Blends of polyamide 6 (PA6) and high-density polyethylene (HDPE) were compatibilized using an already investigated method and a sample of Cloisite 15A, a montmorillonite modified with ammonium quaternary salts was added. The blends were prepared in a twin screw extruder and characterized from a morphological, rheological and mechanical point of view. The results indicated that, despite a good morphology achieved in the filled blends and a moderate intercalation of the clay, the mechanical properties are far from being good, especially the ultimate properties. In order to investigate the possible influence of the inhibition of the crystallization and of the degradation of the organic modifier of the clay, DSC measurements and FTIR–ATR were carried out. The results confirm that the clay causes a slight decrease of the crystallization, particularly in the HDPE phase. In addition, in the preparation conditions, the clay modifier is sensitive to thermo-oxidation. Both features can, therefore, explain the bad mechanical performance, even if the degradation effects seem to be more important. In order to prevent, or at least to reduce, the thermo-oxidation, a stabilizing system was added to the filled blends. In this case, the mechanical properties are improved for the entire compatibilized blend set.