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FRANCESCO MARTINES

Audiological Investigation of Otitis Media in Children with Atopy

  • Autori: Martines, F.; Bentivegna, D.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2011
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • Parole Chiave: Otitis media; middle-ear effusion; acute otitis media (AOM); otitis media with effusion (OME); allergy; Auditory tube dysfunction
  • OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/63354

Abstract

Otitis media (OM) describes an inflammatory process within the middle ear space that is generally associated with accumulation of fluid and which may lead to hearing loss, learning difficulties and delay of language development. The pathogenesis of OM is multifactorial, involving the adaptive and native immune system, Eustachian tube dysfunction, viral and bacterial load, genetic and environmental factors. The involvement of IgE mediated allergic reactions in the pathogenesis of OM has been suggested by clinical observations of a high prevalence of OM among patients with allergies. Evidence from studies involving tympanometric measurements, audiometric measurements and otoscopic examination confirms the role of atopy in the development and persistency of OM