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Association between sleep-disordered breathing and hearing disorders: Clinical observation in Sicilian patients

  • Autori: Ballacchino, A.; Salvago, P.; Cannizzaro, E.; Costanzo, R.; Di Marzo, M.; Ferrara, S.; La Mattina, E.; Messina, G.; Mucia, M.; Mule', A.; Plescia, F.; Sireci, F.; Rizzo, S.; Martines, F.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2015
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
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Introduction: To examine the putative association between Sleep-Disordered breathing and hearing disorders Material and methods: 120 Sicilian subjects ranging from 14 to 85 years of age who were divided in 46 cases suffering from tinnitus (G1 group) and 74 controls (G2 group) were evaluated through STOP BANG screening questionnaire and Four-Variable Screening Tool; after Data collecting each subject underwent Audiological assessment by multi-frequency audiometry (PTA) and Transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE-diagnostic) for each ear. Results: Cases showed: PTA significantly severe than the control group (58.70% vs. 16.89% hearing loss; P<0.001), such as a lower signal-to-noise ratio (SNRs) (P<0.05). Moreover Tinnitus subjects had a higher risk to develop Sleep-Disordered breathing respect to controls (P<0.001). OSA risk population - subjects positive to both screening questionnaires - had tinnitus, wore hearing threshold mean values and, lower SNRs values than total cohort (P<0.01). The relative risk of Sleep-Disordered breathing and tinnitus was 4.83 (P<0.0001). Conclusions: Our results stress a probable association between tinnitus, hearing loss and Sleep-Disordered breathing even if further studies will be needed to confirm our findings.