UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS IN CHILDREN: FROM CASE HISTORY TO MANAGEMENT
- Autori: Mucia, M.; Salvago, P.; Brancato, A.; Cannizzaro, C.; Cannizzaro, E.; Gallina, S.; Ferrara, S.; LA MATTINA, E.; Mule', A.; Plescia, F.; Sireci, F.; Rizzo, S.; Martines, F.
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2015
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/129213
Respiratory tract infections are the most common diseases in childhood. The respiratory tract, widely branched system of ducts, is particularly exposed to the action of microorganisms transmitted by air from here the high frequency of infections they face especially in the first years of life. It is usual distinguish: upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) and lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI). In particular, in infections of the upper airways, the inflammatory process, result of the interaction between microbes and the immune response, can be localized to the mucosa of the nose or sinuses (common cold and sinusitis), or the pharynx or larynx (pharyngotonsillitis and laryngitis) and it has predominantly a viral etiology although occasionally it may be followed by bacterial complications such as otitis media. The aim of the following article is the description of these different clinical pictures, highlighting the clinical and epidemiological features and current management guidelines.