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VINCENZO LA CARRUBBA

Solidification of syndiotactic polystyrene by a continuous cooling transformation approach

  • Autori: LA CARRUBBA, V.; Piccarolo, S.; Brucato, V.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2007
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/14115

Abstract

Syndiotactic polystyrene (sPS) was solidified from the melt under drastic conditions according to a continuous cooling transformation methodology developed by the authors, which covered a cooling rate range spanning from approximately 0.03 to 3000 °C/s. The samples produced, structurally homogeneous across both their thickness and surface, were analyzed by macroscopic methods, such as density, wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD), and microhardness (MH) measurements. The density was strictly related to the phase content, as confirmed by WAXD deconvolution. The peculiar behavior encountered (the density first decreasing and then increasing with the cooling rate) was attributed to the singularity of the phases formed in sPS; that is, one of the crystalline phases (α) was less dense than the amorphous phase, and the latter, in turn, was less dense than the other crystalline phase (β). With an increasing cooling rate, the thermodynamically stable phase (β) disappeared first, and it was followed by the α phase. On the other hand, the MH values remarkably depended on the amount of the β phase, the α-phase content influencing the mechanical properties only to a minor extent. The behavior of the crystallization kinetics was described through a modified multiphase Kolmogoroff–Avrami–Evans model for nonisothermal crystallization.