Cell-Free Coelomic Fluid Extracts of the Sea Urchin Arbacia lixula Impair Mitochondrial Potential and Cell Cycle Distribution and Stimulate Reactive Oxygen Species Production and Autophagic Activity in Triple-Negative MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells
- Autori: Claudio Luparello *, Debora Ragona, Dalia Maria Lucia Asaro, Valentina Lazzara, Federica Affranchi, Vincenzo Arizza, Mirella Vazzana
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2020
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/420253
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a highly malignant tumor histotype which lacks effective targeted therapies, thereby being considered as the most aggressive form of breast carcinoma. To identify novel compounds which could counteract TNBC cell growth, we explored the in vitro effects of crude extracts and <10 kDa-filtered fractions of the coelomic fluid obtained from the sea urchin Arbacia lixula on TNBC MDA-MB231 cells. We examined cell viability, cycle distribution, apoptotic/autophagic activity, and mitochondrial polarization/cell redox status. Here, we report the first data demonstrating an anti-TNBC effect by A. lixula-derived coelomic fluid extracts. Thus, identification of the water-soluble bioactive component(s) contained in the extracts deserve(s) further investigation aimed to devise novel promising prevention and/or treatment agents effective against highly malignant breast tumors.