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GAETANO GIAMMONA

NOVEL CATIONIC POLYASPARTAMIDE WITH COVALENTLY LINKED CARBOXYPROPYL-TRIMETHYL AMMONIUM CHLORIDE AS A CANDIDATE VECTOR FOR GENE DELIVERY

  • Autori: Licciardi, M.; Campisi, M.; Cavallaro, G.; Carlisi, B.; Giammona, G.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2006
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/30537

Abstract

The non-viral gene vector properties of a protein-like polymer, the alpha,beta-poly(N-2-hydroxyethyl)-D,L-aspartamide (PHEA) were investigated after its derivatization with 3-(carboxypropyl)trimethyl-ammonium chloride (CPTA) as molecule bearing cationic groups, in order to obtain stable polycations able to condense DNA. PHEA was firstly functionalized with hydrazide pendant groups by reaction with hydrazine monohydrate (HYD), obtaining the polyhydrazide alpha,beta-poly(N-2-hydroxyethyl/carbazate)-D,L-aspartamide (PHEA-HYD). In this paper we reported that polymer functionalization degree can be easily modulated by varying reaction conditions, so allowing us to produce two PHEA derivatives at different molar percentage of hydrazide groups. Subsequently, condensation reaction of PHEA-HYD copolymers with CPTA yielded alpha,beta-poly(N-2-hydroxyethyl)-N-carbazate[N'-(3-trimthylammonium chloride)propylhydrazide] D,L-aspartamide (PHEA-HYD-CPTA) polycation derivatives. In vitro studies were carried out to evaluate polycations ability to complex DNA and to protect it from nuclease degradation. Obtained results demonstrated the good efficiency of our new PHEA-polycations derivatives, PHEA-HYD-CPTA, to complex and condense genomic material even at very low polycation/DNA weight ratio.