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Coronary Arteries Aneurysms: A Case-Based Literature Review

  • Autori: Giuseppe Vadalà, Leandro Di Caccamo, Chiara Alaimo, Luca Di Fazio, Giovanni Ferraiuoli, Giancarlo Buccheri, Vincenzo Sucato, Alfredo Ruggero Galassi
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2022
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
  • OA Link:


Abstract: Coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) is an abnormal dilatation of a coronary artery segment; those coronary artery aneurysms that are very large in size are defined as giant. However, a standardized dimension cut-off to define giant CAAs is still missing. The reported prevalence of coronary aneurysms in the population who underwent coronary angiography ranges from 0.3% to 5%, and often CAAs are found in patient with aneurysms in other sites, such as the ascending or abdominal aorta. In half of the cases an atherosclerotic etiology could be recognized; often, CAA is found in the context of acute coronary syndrome. Seldomly, CAA is found at the autopsy of patients who died due to sudden cardiac death. Currently, very few data exist about CAA management and their prognostic relevance; moreover, CAA treatment is still not clearly codified, but rather case-based. Indeed, currently there are no published dedicated studies exploring the best medical therapy, i.e., with antiplatelets or anticoagulant agents rather than an interventional approach such as an endovascular or surgical technique. In this review, through two clinical cases, the current evidence regarding diagnostic tools and treatment options of CAAs will be described.