Function and fiber-type specific distribution of hsp60 and αb-crystallin in skeletal muscles: Role of physical exercise
- Autori: D'amico D.; Fiore R.; Caporossi D.; Di Felice V.; Cappello F.; Dimauro I.; Barone R.
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2021
- Tipologia: Review essay (rassegna critica)
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/478961
Skeletal muscle is a plastic and complex tissue, rich in proteins that are subject to continuous rearrangements. Skeletal muscle homeostasis can be affected by different types of stresses, including physical activity, a physiological stressor able to stimulate a robust increase in different heat shock proteins (HSPs). The modulation of these proteins appears to be fundamental in facili-tating the cellular remodeling processes related to the phenomenon of training adaptations such as hypertrophy, increased oxidative capacity, and mitochondrial activity. Among the HSPs, a special attention needs to be devoted to Hsp60 and αB-crystallin (CRYAB), proteins constitutively expressed in the skeletal muscle, where their specific features could be highly relevant in understanding the impact of different volumes of training regimes on myofiber types and in explaining the complex picture of exercise-induced mechanical strain and damaging conditions on fiber pop-ulation. This knowledge could lead to a better personalization of training protocols with an opti-mal non-harmful workload in populations of individuals with different needs and healthy status. Here, we introduce for the first time to the reader these peculiar HSPs from the perspective of exercise response, highlighting the control of their expression, biological function, and specific distribution within skeletal muscle fiber-types.