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Comparative studies of the Pschorr reaction in the pyrazole series. Access to the new dibenzo(e,g)pyrazolo(1,5-a)(1,3)diazocine system of pharmaceutical interest

  • Autori: Maggio, B.; Raffa, D.; Raimondi, M.; Cascioferro, S.; Plescia, S.; Sabatino, M.; Bombieri, G.; Meneghetti, F.; Daidone, G.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2008
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • Parole Chiave: Pschorr reaction,pyrazolo(3,4-c)isoquinoline,pyrazolodibenzodiazocine,1,4-pyrazolyl transfer, X-ray structure


The diazonium tetrafluoroborate 11 obtained from 2-amino-N-methyl-N-(1-phenyl-3-methylpyrazol-5-yl)benzamide was transformed in dry acetonitrile via an ionic or radical pathway. Diferences were observed with respect to ionic or radical transformations in aqueous media of the analogous diazonium hydrogen sulfate 1 derived from the same amine. In acetonitrile solution, the ionic pathway was characterized by an increased yield of 1,4-dimethyl-3-phenyl-pyrazolo[3,4-c]isoquinolin-5-one 4 and by the formation of its isomer, the new derivative 7,9-dimethyldibenzo[e,g]pyrazolo[1,5-a][1,3]diazocin-10(9H)-one 12. When the reaction folowed a radical pathway, the pyrazolo[3,4-c]isoquinoline derivative 4 and N-methyl-2-(1-phenyl-3-methylpyrazol-5-yl)benzamide 17, the later due to a 1,4-pyrazolyl transfer proces, were isolated in low yields. Decomposition of the solid diazonium tetrafluoroborate at its melting point gave compounds 4, 12 and the N-(1-phenyl-3-methylpyrazol-5-yl)-2-fluorobenzamide 17. The crystal structure of compound 12 was also determined.