gd T cells condition dendritic cells in vivo for priming pulmonary CD8 T cell responses against Mycobacterium tuberculosis
- Authors: CACCAMO N; SIRECI G; MERAVIGLIA S; DIELI F; IVANYI J; SALERNO A
- Publication year: 2006
- Type: Articolo in rivista
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/23157
gammadelta T cells and dendritic cells are quickly recruited to the lungs shortly after intranasal vaccination with BCG, but the functional in vivo interplay between these two cell populations and its role in the induction of adaptive immune responses is unclear. Using TCR-deficient mice and bone marrow chimeras, we show here that gammadelta T cells provide a non-redundant early source of IFN-gamma in vivo, which enhances IL-12 production by lung dendritic cells. The in vivo-conditioned dendritic cells, in turn, prime a more efficient lung CD8 T cell response against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Thus, strategies exploiting gammadelta T cell function and IFN-gamma production could be valuable for the design and testing of mucosal vaccines.