Burkitt's lymphoma in pregnant woman: Difficult management of a rare case
- Autori: Cucinella G.; Rossi C.; Grana R.; Lentini V.L.; Calagna G.; Chiantera V.
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2020
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/494985
Introduction: Burkitt's lymphoma (BL), an aggressive subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), is extremely rare during pregnancy. In the case of bowel localization, diagnosis can be very difficult. Moreover, signs and symptoms of the primary small intestine lymphoma are nonspecific, mostly attributable to the “mass effect” of the tumor. The most frequent symptom is abdominal cramp-like pain, associated with nausea and vomiting. Presentation of case: We report a rare case of a 37-year-old pregnant woman, at the 33rd week of gestation, with an abdominal-pelvic mass of uncertain nature. Surgical strategy consisted of a two-step procedure, which involved a cesarean section and typing of the mass: extemporaneous examination hypothesized intestinal lymphoma. The definitive histological examination confirmed the diagnosis of rare case of BL in pregnancy. Discussion: The clinical case reported, representing a rare occurrence of BL in pregnancy, was associated with difficult interpretation and complex management. Lymphoma of the small intestine is often overlooked in the early stages of the disease, due to the fact that symptoms are non-specific and consequently underestimated. In our case, based on gestational age, it was possible to perform a multidisciplinary approach, a cesarean section with surgical intestinal exploration, achieving at the same time delivery of the child and a definitive diagnosis of BL with intestinal involvement. Conclusion: The involvement of multiple professionals is undoubtedly the best way to deal with the above referred to situation, with the main point being to keep in mind the possibility of this type of occurrence.