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Consensus document on controversial issues for the treatment of hospital-associated pneumonia

  • Authors: Franzetti F; Antonelli M; Bassetti M; Blasi F; Langer M; Scaglione F; Nicastri E; Lauria FN; Carosi G; Moroni M; Ippolito G; GISIG (Gruppo Italiano di Studio sulle Infezioni Gravi) Working Group on Hospital-Associated Pneumonia; Cascio A
  • Publication year: 2010
  • Type: Articolo in rivista
  • OA Link:


Background: Hospital-associated pneumonia (HAP) remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality despite advances in antimicrobial therapy. Many aspects of the treatment of HAP caused by multi-resistant Gram-positive microorganisms have been extensively studied, but controversial issues remain. Controversial issues: The aim of this GISIG (Gruppo Italiano di Studio sulle Infezioni Gravi) working group – a panel of multidisciplinary experts – was to define recommendations for some controversial issues using an evidence-based and analytical approach. The controversial issues were: (1) Is combination antibiotic therapy or monotherapy more effective in the treatment of HAP? (2) What role do pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic antibiotic features have as a guide in the selection of treatment for HAP? (3) Is a de-escalation approach for the management of HAP effective? An analysis of the studies published up until April 2009 is presented and discussed in detail. Methods: A systematic literature search using PubMed, MEDLINE, and EMBASE databases and the Cochrane Library was performed. A matrix was created to extract evidence from original studies using the CONSORT method to evaluate randomized clinical trials and the Newcastle–Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale for case–control studies, longitudinal cohorts, and retrospective studies. The GRADE method for grading quality of evidence was applied. 2010 International Society for Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved