Intravitreal dexamethasone implant one month before versus concomitant with cataract surgery in patients with diabetic macular edema: the DEXCAT study.
- Autori: Fallico M, Avitabile T, Castellino N, Longo A, Russo A, Bonfiglio V, Parisi F, Furino C, Panozzo C, Scorcia V, Carnevali A, Bandello F, Battaglia Parodi M, Cennamo G, Cillino S, Vadala' M, Sunseri Trapani V, Cagini C, Fiore T, Lupidi T, Parravano MC, Varano M, Giorno P, Boscia F, Giancipoli E, Eandi C, Le Mer Y, Reibaldi M.
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2020
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/433929
Purpose: To report clinical outcomes of two different timings of intravitreal dexamethasone (DEX) implant administration for prevention of diabetic macular oedema (DME) worsening following cataract surgery. Methods: This multicentre, retrospective study included patients with DME who received an intravitreal DEX implant 1 month before cataract surgery, ‘precataract DEX’ group, or at the time of cataract surgery, ‘concomitant treatments’ group. Inclusion criteria were a follow-up ≥3 months and ophthalmological examination with optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging at baseline (cataract surgery) and throughout follow-up. Anatomical improvement was considered to be a decrease in OCT central subfield (CSF) thickness ≥20% compared to baseline. The primary outcomes were anatomical and functional results at 3 months. Results: Two hundred twenty-one patients were included: 136 in the ‘precataract DEX’ group and 85 in the ‘concomitant treatments’ group. At 3 months, a reduction of CSF thickness ≥ 20%was found in 7.3%of eyes in the ‘precataractDEX group’ and in 83.7% of eyes in the ‘concomitant treatments’ group (p < 0.001), with mean CSF thickness lower in the latter group (371 52 μm versus 325 57 μm, p < 0.001). At 3 months, mean best-corrected visual acuity had improved from baseline in both groups (p < 0.001), with no difference between groups (p = 0. 20). No serious systemic adverse events were reported. Conclusion: Both approaches prevented a worsening of DME, showing a comparable visual outcome. Dexamethasone (DEX) implant given at the same time as cataract surgery provided a better anatomical outcome.