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Transconjunctival sutureless 25-gauge versus 20-gauge standard vitrectomy: Correlation between corneal topography and ultrasound biomicroscopy measurements of sclerotomy sites

  • Autori: Avitabile T.; Castiglione F.; Bonfiglio V.; Castiglione F.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2010
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
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Purpose: To determine the correlation between corneal shape changes and ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) findings at the sclerotomy sites in conventional 20-gauge (G) pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and 25-G transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy (TSV) and to compare the effectiveness of the two surgical methods. Design: Prospective, comparative, observational case series. Methods: Sixty consecutive eyes (60 patients) undergoing primary 3-port PPV. Thirty eyes (30 patients, group 20-G) were treated with 20-G standard PPV and 30 eyes (30 patients, group 25-G) with 25-G TSV. We compared healing of the sclerotomy sites in the two groups. We determined the correlation between corneal shape changes (surgically induced astigmatism) measured by videokeratography and the durations of scleral healing cicatrization by UBM within each group. Results: UBM examination showed that the 20-G sclerotomy sites took about 8 weeks to heal, measured as complete opposition, whereas healing of the 25-G TSV sclerotomy was quite rapid, with complete scleral opposition in about 4 weeks. Corneal topography analysis showed, during the early postoperative period, a surgically induced steepening of the cornea in both groups (20 G, 3.08 ± 0.56 diopters and 25 G, 0.805 ± 0.61 diopters, P < 0.001, Mann-Whitney test), which then decreased gradually, recovering to the preoperative level within two months in group 20 G (P > 0.05) and 1 month in group 25 G (P > 0.05). We found a strong statistical correlation between the mean surgically induced keratometric astigmatism and the mean UBM measures of scleral healing (r = 0.99 for group 20 G and r = 0.97 for group 25 G). Conclusion: After PPV, astigmatic changes are especially significant in the early postoperative period in 20-G group; the 25-G TSV system results in faster reduction of surgically induced keratometric astigmatism because of rapid cicatrization of the sclerotomy sites. © 2009 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.