Presbyphagia and dysphagia in old age
- Autori: Cavallero, Stefano; Dominguez, Ligia J.; Vernuccio, Laura; Barbagallo, Mario
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2020
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/480602
Although presbyphagia is a clinically relevant problem among elderly population, possibly leading to dysphagia in old age, it remains a still underestimated health condi-tion. The present review analyzes swallow-ing related anatomical and functional changes during aging, both in healthy peo-ple and in those affected by dysphagia. First of all, dysphagia in old people must not be confused with presbyphagia. To distinguish these two different conditions, a correct def-inition of both should be considered. Subsequently, a comprehensive evaluation including instrumental analysis should be carried out. The aim of this narrative review is to analyze the current knowledge of this clinical condition and to provide the state of art to clinicians. A systematic PubMed research on dysphagia in the elderly was conducted and most relevant and most recent references were manually screened and selected. The aim of a correct diagnosis is to enable the choice of a correct interven-tion in order to prevent and treat complica-tions of dysphagia, such as ab ingestis pneumonia and malnutrition. Moreover, the assessment, diagnosis and therapy of dys-phagia/presbyphagia should include the intervention of different specialists.