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Effective Linear Friction Welding Machine Redesign through Process Analysis

  • Autori: Buffa, G.; Cammalleri, M.; Campanella, D.; Fratini, L.; Vairis, A.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2014
  • Tipologia: Capitolo o Saggio (Capitolo o saggio)
  • OA Link:


Linear friction welding is a solid-state joining process developed for non-axisymmetric components in which the joining of the specimens is obtained through reciprocating motion and pressure. In the process, the friction forces work due to the high frequency oscillation and the pressure between the specimens is converted in thermal energy. In order to design an effective machine, relevant issues derive from the high frequency and the large inertial forces involved in the process. In this study, the authors describe the redesign of a preexisting prototypal machine for LFW processes. A machine redesign is needed when welding high resistant materials, i.e. steels or titanium alloys, with high frequencies, up to 72 Hz. The sensors equipping the machine allows in process measurements of key process variables as temperatures of the specimens, tangential forces, accelerations and speeds. At the same time through the acquired data, the main weaknesses of the machine can be highlighted allowing for effective redesign.