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El sueño roto de la ciudadanía europea y el lado oscuro de la gobernanza.


Abstract: This paper tries to analyze three models of European citizenship, by paying particular attention to the legitimacy crisis of the European Union’s (EU) governance we are facing today. First of all, I will show the features of the crisis of the model of EU’s governance, by clarifying how this crisis sheds light on 1) the veto powers of some of the member states, 2) the lack of accountability of the Union’s decisions towards the public opinions, 3) the constant reduction of the mutual trust among both the political institutions and the public opinions. Secondly, I will show how the three models (the national-liberal model, the model of market citizenship, and the federalist model) offer different conceptions of the ideal of European citizenship, an ideal that is necessary when we discuss the normative solutions to the ongoing legitimacy crisis. I will end the paper by proposing a change in policy education: to supplement the programs of secondary schools with basic notions of public finance. Thus, it is possible to give to the future European citizens some of the necessary tools to evaluate the decisions whose costs they must bear.