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Red Blood Cells Distribution Width as Biomarker of Worsening in Atherosclerosis

  • Autori: Piano, C.; Balistreri, C.; Nardi, P.; Bertoldo, F.; Pellegrino, A.; Massoud, R.; Ruvolo, G.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2018
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • OA Link:


Red blood cell Distribution Width (RDW) is a parameter of the circulating erythrocytes’ size that it has reported to be associated with Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) [1-7]. The related mechanism of this association is not fully understood. However, RDW is an indicator of inflammation related to early inflammatory biomarkers, such as C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) [8,9]. Accordingly, systemic chronic inflammation leads to dysfunctional bone marrow with unsuccessful production of red blood cells [10]. As a result, it determines the migration of reticulocytes into the peripheral circulation, followed by an increase in circulating levels of immature Red Blood Cells (RBCs), as well as in higher RDW levels