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Identification of Acremonium isolates from grapevines and evaluation of their antagonism towards Plasmopara viticola

  • Autori: Lo Piccolo, S.; Alfonzo, A.; Giambra, S.; Conigliaro, G.; Lopez Llorca, L.; Burruano, S.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2015
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
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Some endophytic fungal genera in Vitis vinifera, including Acremonium, have been reported as antagonists of Plasmopara viticola. Endophytic Acremonium isolates from an asymptomatic grapevine cultivar Inzolia from Italy were identified by morphological features and multigene phylogenies of ITS, 18S and 28S genes, and their intra-specific genomic diversity was analyzed by RAPD analysis. Culture filtrates (CFs) obtained from Acremonium isolates were tested in vitro for their inhibitory activity against the P. viticola sporangia germination. Among 94 isolates, 68 belonged to the Acremonium persicinum and 26 to the Acremonium sclerotigenum. RAPD analysis grouped the A. persicinum isolates into 15 clusters and defined 31 different strains. The A. sclerotigenum isolates, instead, were clustered into 22 groups and represented 25 strains. All A. persicinum CFs inhibited sporangia germination of P. viticola, while not all those of A. sclerotigenum had inhibitory effect. A different degree of inhibition was observed between strains of the same species, while some strains of different species showed identical inhibitory effect. No correlation was found between RAPD groups and inhibitory activity in both Acremonium