The immunoglobulin γ marker 17 allotype and KIR/HLA genes prevent the development of chronic hepatitis B in humans
- Autori: Di Bona, D.; Pandey, J.; Aiello, A.; Bilancia, M.; Candore, G.; Caruso, C.; Colomba, C.; Duro, G.; Ligotti, M.; Macchia, L.; Rizzo, S.; Accardi, G.
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2020
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/390015
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection causes a self-limiting disease in most individuals. However, < 10% of infected subjects develop a chronic disease. Genetic host variability of polymorphic genes at the interface of innate and acquired immunity, such as killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR), their human leucocyte antigen (HLA) and IgG allotypes (GM), could explain this different clinical picture. We previously showed a protective role of the KIR2DL3 gene for the development of chronic hepatitis B (CHB), and a detrimental role of the KIR ligand groups, HLA-A-Bw4 and HLA-C2. We have expanded the previous analysis genotyping patients for GM23 and GM3/17 allotypes. The comparison of the patients with CHB with those who resolved HBV infection showed that the presence of GM17 allele virtually eliminated the risk of developing CHB (OR, 0·03; 95% CI, 0·004–0·16; P < 0·0001). In addition, the combination of GM17, KIR2DL3, HLA-A-Bw4 and HLA-C2 was highly sensitive to predict the outcome of HBV infection.