Autoimmune diseases and 8.1 ancestral haplotype: an update
- Autori: Gambino Caterina, Aiello Anna, Accardi Giulia, Caruso Calogero, Candore Giuseppina
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2018
- Tipologia: Review essay (rassegna critica) (Articolo in rivista)
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/297561
The aim of the present review is to provide an update of the current research into the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases associated with 8.1 ancestral haplotype. This is a common Caucasoid haplotype carried by most people who type for HLA-B8, DR3. Numerous genetic studies reported that individuals with certain HLA alleles have a higher risk of specific autoimmune disorders than those without these alleles. However, much remains to be learned about the heritability of autoimmune conditions. Recently, progress and advances in the field of genome-wide-association studies have revolutionized the capacity to perform large, economically feasible, and statistically robust analyses of HLA within 8.1 ancestral haplotype, and understand its contribute to autoimmune events. In this paper, the characteristic features of this haplotype that might give rise to diverse autoimmune phenotypes are reviewed, focusing on the contribution of the HLA-DRB1 gene, the most polymorphic sequence within the HLA II region.