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MICHELE ROCCELLA

The rorschach test evaluation in chronic childhood migraine: A preliminary multicenter case-control study

  • Autori: Esposito, M.; Messina, A.; Monda, V.; Bitetti, I.; Salerno, F.; Precenzano, F.; Pisano, S.; Salvati, T.; Gritti, A.; Marotta, R.; Lavano, S.; Lavano, F.; Maltese, A.; Parisi, L.; Salerno, M.; Tripi, G.; Gallai, B.; Roccella, M.; Bove, D.; Ruberto, M.; Toraldo, R.; Messina, G.; Carotenuto, M.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2017
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • Parole Chiave: Children and adolescents; Effect of general maladaptivity; Migraine without aura; Personality traits; Rorschach test; Neurology; Neurology (clinical)

Abstract

Object: About 1.2-3.2% of children at 7 years of age with increasing age up to 4-19% in adolescents are suffering from migraine without aura (MwA). The aim of the present study is investigating the personality style associated with children and adolescents affected by MwA, administrating the Rorschach test, and comparing with typical developing healthy controls (TD). Methods: 137 patients (74 males), aged 7.3-17.4 years (mean age 11.4, SD 3.02 years), affected by MwA according to the IHs-3 criteria. The Rorschach variables were treated as numerical variables and statistically tested with t-Student's analysis. Results: No statistical differences were found between the MwA and TD for age (p = 0.55), and gender (p = 0.804). From the comparison between the two samples, MwA group shows lower W responses (p < 0.001), good quality W responses (p < 0.001), high frequency of detailed responses (p < 0.001), the presence of even minor form of good quality responses (p < 0.001), increased presence of animals answers (A%) (p < 0.001), more frequent trivial answers (Ban%) (p < 0.001). Discussion: Rorschach interpretation pinpointed many interesting and, perhaps, peculiar aspects in our MwA population such as a trend predisposition for: analytical reasoning rather than synthetic, ease/practicality rather than creativity, oppositionality rather than external adaptation to the environment that may be interpreted as effect of general maladaptivity.

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