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A Tunable Digital Ishihara Plate for Pre-School Aged Children

  • Autori: Gambino, O.; Minafo’, E.; Pirrone, R.; Ardizzone, E.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2016
  • Tipologia: Contributo in atti di convegno pubblicato in volume


Colors play a fundamental role for children, both in the everyday life and in education. They recognize the surrounding world, and play games making a large use of colors. They learn letters and numbers by means of colors. As a consequence, early diagnosis of color blindness is an crucial to support an individual affected by this visual perception alteration at the initial phase of his/her life. The diagnosis of red-green color deficiencies (protanopia or deuteranopia) is commonly accomplished by means of the Ishihara test, which consists of plates showing dots with different sizes where some of them compose numbers within a gamut of colors while the ones composing the background have different colors. In this paper, a web application written in javascript is presented, that implements a digital Ishihara-like test for pre-school aged children. Instead numbers or letters, It can transform any binary image representing animal shapes, or any other childfriendly shape, into an Ishihara-like image. This digital plate is not static. The operator can increment the dot density to improve the quality of the shape contour and the entire plate can be redrawn with different dot sizes/colors chosen randomly according to the color pattern of the test. Separate controls for brightness and saturation are implemented to calibrate the chromatic aspect of the background and foreground dots.